Jewish Prayer Bibliography


[from Tzvee Zahavy, Studies in Jewish Prayer, Lanham, MD, 1990]

Academy of the Hebrew Language. The Book of Ben Sira. The Historical Dictionary of the Hebrew Language. Jerusalem: Academy of the Hebrew Language and Shrine of the Book, 1973

J. M. Allegro, ed. Qumran Cave 4, Part I. Discoveries in the Judaean Desert. Vol. 5. Oxford: Clarendon, 1968

G. Alon. The Jews in Their Land in the Talmudic Period, Trans. G. Levi, from Hebrew, 1957-58. Jerusalem: Magnes, 1980

Amram Gaon. Seder Rab Amram Ga'on, ed. D. S. Goldschmidt. Jerusalem: Mossad Harav Kook (Hebrew), 1971

D. T. Ariel. "Coins from the Synagogue at Horvat Kanef-Preliminary Report." Israel Numismatic Society Journal. 4 (1980): 59-62

N. Avigad. Beth She'arim: Report on the Excavations during 1953-58, vol. 3. New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press, 1971

N. Avigad. Beth She`arim, volume 3: Catacombs 12-23. New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press, 1976

N. Avigad. "The `Galilean' Synagogue and Its Predecessors." Ancient Synagogues Revealed, ed. L. I. Levine. 42-44. Jerusalem: Israel Exploration Society, 1981

N. Avigad and B. Mazar. "Beth She`arim." Encyclopedia of Archaeological Excavations in the Holy Land. Vol. I, 229-47. Jerusalem: Massada, 1975

M. Avi-Yonah. "Ancient Synagogues." Ariel. 32 (Hebrew)(1973): 29-43

M. Avi-Yonah. "Ancient Synagogues." Qadmoniot 'Arsenu, eds. S. Yeivin and M. Avi-Yonah. Vol. 2, 220-36. Tel-Aviv: Hakibbutz Hame'uhad (Hebrew), 1959

M. Avi-Yonah. Art in Ancient Palestine. Jerusalem: Magnes, 1981

M. Avi-Yonah. "Goodenough's Evaluation of Dura: A Critique." The Dura-Europos Synagogue: A Re-Evaluation (1932-1972), ed. J. Gutmann. 117-35. Missoula, Mont.: Scholars, 1973

M. Avi-Yonah. The Holy Land. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Baker Book House, 1977

M. Avi-Yonah. The Jews of Palestine. Oxford: Blackwell, 1976; New York: reprint Schocken Books, 1984

M. Avi-Yonah. "Synagogue Architecture in the Classical Period." Jewish Art, ed. C. Roth. 157-90. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1961

W. Bacher. "Le siége de Moise," Revue des études juives. 34 (1897): 299-301

Y. F. Baer. Israel among the Nations. Jerusalem: Bialik (Hebrew), 1955

Y. F. Baer. Seder Abodat Yisra'el. Tel-Aviv: Or-Torah (Hebrew), 1956-57

C. Bailey, ed. and trans. Epicurus: the Extant Remains, with Short Critical Apparatus, Translation and Note. Oxford: Clarendon, 1926

M. Baillet, ed. Qumran Grotte 4, Part III. "Discoveries in the Judaean Desert." Vol. 7. Oxford: Clarendon, 1982

M. Baillet. "Un recueil liturgique de Qumran, grotte 4: `Les Paroles des Luminaires'." Revue Biblique. 68 (1961): 195-250, plates 24-28

M. Baillet; J.T. Milik, and R. de Vaux. Les "Petites Grottes" de Qumran. Discoveries in the Judaean Desert. Vol. 3. Oxford: Clarendon, 1962

D. Barthelemy and J.T. Milik. Qumran Cave I. Discoveries in the Judaean Desert. Vol. 1. Oxford: Clarendon, 1955

J. M. Baumgarten. "Art in the Synagogue: Some Talmudic Views." The Synagogue: Studies in Origins, Archaeology and Architecture, ed. J. Gutmann. 79-89. New York: KTAV, 1975

E. Bickerman. "The Altars of the Gentiles: A Note on the Jewish `ius sacrum'." Revue Internationale des Droits de l'Antiquité. 5 (1958): 137-6

E. Bickerman. "The Civic Prayer for Jerusalem." Harvard Theological Review. 55 (1962): 163-85

P. Billerbeck. "Ein Synagogengottesdienst in Jesu Tagen." Zeitschrift für Neutestamentlichen Wissenschaft. 55 (1964): 143-61

P. Bindler. "Meditative Prayer and Rabbinic Perspectives on the Psychology of Consciousness: Environmental, Physiological and Attentional Variables." Journal of Psychology and Judaism. 4/4 (1980): 228-248

P. Bindler. "A Psychological Analysis of Kavvanah in Prayer." F. Rosner, ed. Proceedings of the Association of Orthodox Jewish Scientists. 3/4 (1976): 133-143

B. M. Bokser. The Origins of the Seder. Berkeley, Calif.: University of California Press, 1984

B. M. Bokser. Philo's Description of Jewish Practices. Protocol of the Thirtieth Colloquy. Berkeley, Calif.: Center for Hermeneutical Studies in Hellenistic and Modern Culture, 1977

M. Bregman. "Circular Proems and Proems Beginning with the Formula `Zo hi shene'emra beruah haq-qodesh'." Studies in Aggadah, Targum and Jewish Liturgy in Memory of Joseph Heinemann, eds. J. J. Petuchowski and E. Fleischer. 34-41. Jerusalem: Magnes and Hebrew Union College (Hebrew), 1981

B. Brooten. Women Leaders in the Ancient Synagogue. Brown Judaic Studies 36. Chico, Calif.: Scholars, 1982

P. Brown. The Cult of the Saints. Chicago, Ill.: University of Chicago Press, 1981

P. Brown. The Making of Late Antiquity. Cambridge, MA.: Harvard , 1978

P. Brown. The World of Late Antiquity. AD 150-750. London: Thames and Hudson, 1971

S. Buber, ed. Midrash Leqah Tob, Genesis, Vol. 1, Reprint. Jerusalem: S. Monson, 1960

E. F. Campbell. "Jewish Shrines of the Hellenistic and Persian Periods." Symposia Celebrating the Seventy-fifth Anniversary of the Founding of the American Schools of Oriental Research (1900-1975), ed. F. M. Cross. 159-67. Cambridge, Mass.: American Schools of Oriental Research, 1979

D. Chen. "Design of the Ancient Synagogues in Galilea." Liber Annuus. 28 (1978): 193-202; 30 (1980): 225-58

M. J. S. Chiat. Handbook of Synagogue Architecture. Brown Judaic Studies 29. Chico, Calif.: Scholars, 1982

M. A. Cohen. "Synagogue: History and Tradition." M. Eliade, ed. Encyclopedia of Religion. Volume 14. New York: Macmillan, 1987: 210

N. Cohen. "The Nature of Shim`on Hapakuli's Act." Tarbiz. 25 (Hebrew)(1983): 547-55

S. J. D. Cohen. "Patriarchs and Scholarchs." Proceedings of the American Academy for Jewish Research. 48 (1981): 57-85

S. J. D. Cohen. "The Temple and the Synagogue." The Temple in Antiquity, ed. T. Madsen. 151-74. Provo, Utah: Brigham Young University Press, 1984

J. J. Collins. Between Athens and Jerusalem. New York: Crossroad, 1983

V. Corbo. Corfarnao I. Gli edifici della Citta. Jerusalem: Franciscan Printing, 1975

V. Corbo. "Edifici antichi sotto la sinagoga di Cafarnao." Studia Hierosolymitana. I (1976): 158-76

V. Corbo. "Resti della sinagoga del primo secolo a Cafarnao." Studia Hierosolymitana. 3 (1982): 313-57

V. Corbo. "Sotto la sinagoga di Cafarnao un'insula della citta." Liber Annuus. 27 (1977): 156-72

J. Crenshaw. Old Testament Wisdom. Atlanta: John Knox, 1981

J. Crenshaw. Studies in Old Testament Wisdom. New York: KTAV, 1977

F. M. Cross. The Ancient Library of Qumran and Modern Biblical Studies, Rev. ed. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Baker, 1961

F. M. Cross. "The Early History of the Qumran Community." New Directions in Biblical Archaeology, eds. D.N. Freedman and J.C. Greenfield. 70-89. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1971

F. W. Deichmann. Einfuhrung in die christliche Archaologie. Darmstadt, W. Ger.: Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft, 1983

P. E. Dion. "Synagogues et temples dans l'Egypte hellenistique." Science et Esprit. 29 (1977): 45-75

W. Dittenberger, ed.. Orientis Graeci Inscriptiones Selectae, 2 vols.. Leipzig, W. Ger.: S. Hirzel, 1903-5

M. Dothan. Hammath Tiberias: Early Synagogues. Jerusalem: Israel Exploration Society, 1983

H. J. W. Drijvers. The Religion of Palmyra. Leiden, The Netherlands: Brill, 1976

K. M. D. Dunbabin. "The Victorious Charioteer on Mosaics and Related Monuments." American Journal of Archaeology. 86 (1982): 69-89

A. Dupont-Sommer. "Contribution a l'exegese du Manuel de Discipline X I-8." Vetus Testamentum. 3 (1952): 229-43

I. Elbogen. Der jüdische Gottesdienst in seiner geschichtlichen Entwicklung. Third ed.. Frankfurt/Main: J. Kaufmann, 1931

I. Elbogen. Ha-tefilla Be-yisra'el Be-hipathuta Ha-historit. Tel-Aviv: Dvir (Hebrew), 1972

I. Elbogen. "Studies in Jewish Liturgy." Jewish Quarterly Review (old series). 18 (1906): 587-99

J. N. Epstein. Prolegomena ad Literas Tannaiticus. Jerusalem: Magnes, 1957

J. N. Epstein and E. Z. Melamed, eds.. Mekhilta d'Rabbi Sim`on b. Jochai. Jerusalem: Mekize Nirdamim, 1955

L. Finkelstein. "The Development of the Amidah." Jewish Quarterly Review (new series). 16 (1925-26): 1-4, 127-70.

L. Finkelstein. "La Kedouscha et les benedictions du Schema." Revue des études juives. 92 (1932): 1-26

L. Finkelstein. "The Origin and Development of the Qedusha." Perspectives on Jews and Judaism, Essays in Honor of Wolfe Kelman, ed. A. Chiel. 61-78. New York: The Rabbinical Assembly, 1978

L. Finkelstein, ed.. Sifré on Deuteronomy. New York: Jewish Theological Seminary, 1969

L. Finkelstein. "The Prayer of King David According to the Chronicles." Eretz Israel. 14 (1978): 110-16 (Hebrew)

H. Fischel. Rabbinic Literature and Greco-Roman Philosophy: A Study of Epicurea and Rhetorica in Early Midrashic Writings. Leiden, The Netherlands: Brill, 1973

M. Fisher. "The Corinthian Capitals of the Capernaum Synagogue-A Late Roman Architectural Feature in Eretz-Israel." Eretz Israel. 17 (1984): 305-11

J. Fitzmeyer. "Languages of Palestine in the First Century A.D.." Catholic Biblical Quarterly. 32 (1970): 501-31

E. Fleischer. "The Diffusion of the Qedushot of the 'Amidah and the Yozer in the Palestinian Jewish Ritual." Tarbiz. 38 (Hebrew)(1969): 255-84

E. Fleischer. Eretz-Israel Prayer and Prayer Rituals as Portrayed in the Geniza Documents. Jerusalem: Magnes, 1988

E. Fleischer. Hebrew Liturgical Poetry in the Middle Ages. Jerusalem: Keter (Hebrew), 1975

E. Fleischer. "The Influence of Choral Elements on the Formation and Development of the Piyyut Genres." Yubal. 3 (Hebrew)(1974): 18-48

E. Fleischer. "Remarks Concerning Early Palestinian Uses in the Reading of the Law and the Prophets." Sefunot (new series). 16 (Hebrew)(1980): 25-47

E. Fleischer. "Studies in the Problems Relating to the Liturgical Function of the Types of Early Piyyut." Tarbiz. 40 (Hebrew)(1970): 41-63

E. Fleischer. "Towards a Clarification of the Expression `Poreis 'Al Shema'." Tarbiz. 41 (Hebrew)(1972): 132-44

E. Fleischer. The Yozer - Its Emergence and Development. Jerusalem: Magnes (Hebrew), 1985

G. Foerster. "Architectural Models of the Greco-Roman Period and the Origin of the `Galilean' Synagogue." Ancient Synagogues Revealed, ed. L.I. Levine, 45-48. Jerusalem: Israel Exploration Society, 1981

G. Foerster. Galilean Synagogues and Their Relation to Hellenistic and Roman Art and Architecture. Part 1, Ph.D. dissertation. Jerusalem: Hebrew University (Hebrew), 1972

G. Foerster. "Synagogue Inscriptions and Their Relations to Liturgical Versions." Cathedra. 19 (Hebrew)(1981): 11-40

G. Foerster. "The Synagogues in Galilee." The Lands of Galilee, eds. A. Shmueli, A. Sofer, and N. Kliot, Vol. 1, 231-56. Jerusalem: Defense Ministry (Hebrew), 1983

G. Foerster. "The Synagogues at Masada and Herodion." Journal of Jewish Art. 3-4 (1977): 6-11

G. Foerster. "The Synagogues at Masada and Herodium." Eretz Israel. 2 (1973): 224-28

G. Foerster. "The Synagogues at Masada and Herodium." Ancient Synagogues Revealed, ed. Lee I. Levine. 24-29. Jerusalem: Israel Exploration Society, 1981

H. Freedman, trans. Midrash Rabbah: Genesis. London and New York: Soncino, 1939

P. J. B. Frey, ed.. Corpus Inscriptionum Iudaicarum. Rome: Pontificio Instituto di Archeologia Christiana, 1936-52

M. Friedman, ed. Pesikta Rabbati. Vienna: Kaiser, 1880

E. Garfiel. Service of the Heart. New Jersey: Yoseloff, 1958

B. Gartner. The Temple and the Community in Qumran and the New Testament. Cambridge, Eng.: Cambridge University, 1965

M. Ginsburger. "La chaire de Moise." Revue des études juives. 90 (1931): 161-65

L. Ginzberg. A Commentary on the Palestinian Talmud, Vol. 1. New York: Jewish Theological Seminary (Hebrew), 1941

L. Ginzberg. Genizah Studies in Memory of Doctor Solomon Schechter. 2 Vols.. Reprint. New York: Hermon (Hebrew), 1969

J. Goldin. The Song at the Sea. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1971

B. Goldman. "A Dura-Europos Dipinto and Syrian Frontality." Oriens Antiquus 24. 1985

E. Goffman. Frame Analysis. New York: Harper, 1974

R. Goldenberg. "The Deposition of Rabban Gamaliel II." Persons and Institutions in Early Rabbinic Judaism. Missoula: Scholars, 1977

E. D. Goldschmidt. The Passover Haggadah. Jerusalem: Mosad Bialik, 1977

E. R. Goodenough. Jewish Symbols in the Greco-Roman Period, 13 Vols.. New York: Pantheon, 1953-68

M. Goodman. The Ruling Class of Judea. Cambridge: Cambridge U. Press, 1987

M. Goodman. State and Society in Roman Galilee, A.D. 132-212. Totowa, N.J.: Rowman and Allanheld, 1983

B. Grossfeld. A Bibliography of Targum Literature. 2 Vols.. Cincinnati, Ohio: Hebrew Union College, 1972-77

A. Grabar. Martyrium, Recherches sur le Culte des Reliques et l'Art Chretien Antique. 2 Vols.. Paris: College de France, 1946

M. Greenberg. Biblical Prose Prayer. Berkeley, Calif.: University of California Press, 1984

M. Greenberg. "On the Refinement of the Conception of Prayer in Hebrew Scriptures." AJS Review. 1 (1976): 57-92

M. Greenberg. "Prayer." Encyclopedia Biblica, ed. B. Mazar, Vol. 8. 896-922. Jerusalem: Bialik (Hebrew), 1982

D. E. Groh. "Galilee and the Eastern Roman Empire in Late Antiquity." Explor. 3 (1977): 78-93

I. Gruenwald. Apocalyptic and Merkavah Mysticism. Leiden, The Netherlands: Brill, 1980

A. Guilding. The Fourth Gospel and Jewish Worship. Oxford: Clarendon, 1960

S. Gutman. "The Synagogue at Gamla." Ancient Synagogues Revealed, ed. Lee I. Levine. 30-34. Jerusalem: Israel Exploration Society, 1981

J. Guttman. Ancient Synagogues: The State of Research. Missoula: Scholars, 1981

J. Gutmann. "Deuteronomy: Religious Reformation or Iconoclastic Revolution?" The Image and the Word: Confrontations in Judaism, Christianity and Islam, ed. J. Gutmann. 5-25. Missoula, Mont.: Scholars, 1977

J. Gutmann. "Early Synagogue and Jewish Catacomb Art and its Relation to Christian Art." Aufstieg und Niedergang der römischen Welt, eds. H. Temporini and W. Haase, Part 2, Vol. 21.2. 1313-42. Berlin: de Gruyter, 1984

J. Gutmann. "The Illustrated Midrash in the Dura Synagogue Paintings: A New Dimension for the Study of Judaism." American Academy of Jewish Research Proceedings. 50 (1983): 92-104

J. Gutmann. The Jewish Sanctuary. Leiden, The Netherlands: Brill, 1984

J. Gutmann. "The Origin of the Synagogue." Archaologischer Anzeiger. 87 (1972): 36-40

J. Gutmann. "Programmatic Painting in the Dura Synagogue." The Dura-Europos Synagogue: A Re-Evaluation (1932-1972), ed. J. Gutmann. 137-54. Missoula, Mont.: Scholars, 1973

J. Gutmann. "The `Second Commandment' and the Image in Judaism." No Graven Images: Studies in Art and the Hebrew Bible, ed. J. Gutmann. xiii-xxx, 3-16. New York: KTAV, 1971

A. M. Habermann. "The Phylacteries in Antiquity." Eretz Israel. 3 (Hebrew)(1954): 174-77

R. Hachlili. "The Niche and the Ark in Ancient Synagogues." Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research. 223 (1976): 43-53

R. Hachlili. Ancient Jewish Art and Archaeology in the Land of Israel. Leiden: Brill, 1988

M. Hadas. The Third and Fourth Books of Maccabees. Philadelphia, Pa.: Dropsie College, 1953

M. Haran. "Priest, Temple and Worship." Tarbiz. 48 (Hebrew)(1979): 175-85

D. Hedegard, ed.. Seder R. Amram Gaon, Part 1. Lund: P. Lindstedt (Hebrew), 1951

F. Heiler. Prayer. A Study in the History and Psychology of Religion. New York: Oxford U. Press, 1958

S. C. Heilman. Synagogue Life. Chicago: University of Chicago, 1976

J. Heinemann. "Chapters of Doubtful Authenticity in Leviticus Rabba." Tarbiz. 37 (Hebrew)(1968): 339-45

J. Heinemann. Prayer in the Talmud: Forms and Patterns, Trans. R. Sarason, from Hebrew, 1966. New York: de Gruyter, 1977

J. Heinemann. "Prayers of the Beth Midrash Origin." Journal of Jewish Studies 5 (1960): 264-280

J. Heinemann. "Profile of a Midrash: The Art of Composition in Leviticus Rabba." Journal of the American Academy of Religion. 39 (1971): 141-50

J. Heinemann. "The Structure and Division of Genesis Rabba." Bar Ilan. 9 (Hebrew)(1972): 279-89

J. Heinemann. Studies in Jewish Liturgy, ed. A. Shinan. Jerusalem: Magnes (Hebrew), 1981

J. Heinemann. "The Triennial Lectionary Cycle." Journal of Jewish Studies. 19 (1968): 41-48

J. Heinemann. "The `Triennial' Cycle and the Calendar." Tarbiz. 33 (Hebrew)(1964): 362-82

J. Heinemann and J. J. Petuchowski. Literature of the Synagogue. New York: Behrman, 1975

M. Hengel. "Proseuche und Synagoge." Synagogue, Studies in Origin, Archeology and Architecture, ed. J. Gutmann. 27-54. New York: KTAV, 1975

M. Hengel. "Proseuche und Synagoge." Tradition und Glaube: . . .Festgabe für Karl Georg Kuhn. 157-84. Gottingen, W.Ger.: Vandenhowck & Ruprecht, 1971

M. Hengel. "Die Synagogeninschrift von Stobi." Zeitschrift fur die Neutestamantliche Wissenschaft. 57: 145-83. 1966

M. D. Herr. "The Calendar." The Jewish People in the First Century, eds. S. Safrai and M. Stern, Vol. 2. 834-64. Philadelphia, Pa.: Fortress, 1976

J. H. Hertz. The Authorized Daily Prayer Book. New York: Bloch, 1948

S. B. Hoenig. "The Ancient City-Square: The Forerunner of the Synagogue." Aufstieg und Niedergang der römischen Welt, eds. H. Temporini and W. Haase, Part 2, Vol. 19.1. 448-76. Berlin: de Gruyter, 1979

L. A. Hoffman. Beyond the Text. Indiana: Indiana University, 1987

D. Holisher. The Synagogue and Its People. New York: Abelard-Schuman, 1955

S. Holm-Nielsen. "Thanksgiving Psalms." Encyclopedia Judaica, ed. C. Roth, Vol. 5. Columns 1045-48. Jerusalem: Keter, 1971

C. Hopkins. "The Christian Church." The Excavations at Dura Europos, 5th Season, ed. M. Rostovtzeff. 238-53. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1934

H. S. Horowitz and I. A. Rabin, eds.. Mechilta d'Rabbi Ishmael. Jerusalem: Bet Tora Shelema, 1960

R. Horsely. Jesus and the Spiral of Violence: Popular Jewish Resistance in Roman Palestine. San Francisco: Harper and Row, 1987

W. Hubner. Zodiacus Christianus--Jüdisch-christliche Adaptationen des Tierkreises von der Antike bis zur Gegenwart. Konigstein/Ts.: A. Haim, 1983

F. Huttenmeister and G. Reeg. Die antiken Synagogen in Israel, 2 Vols. Beihefte zum Tubinger Atlas des Vorderen Orients, No. 12/1. Wiesbaden, W. Ger.: Reichert, 1977

A. Z. Idelson. Jewish Liturgy and its Development. New York: Schocken, 1932

Z. Ilan and I. Damati. "Notes and News. Kh. Marus, 1983 and 1984." Israel Exploration Journal. 34 (1984): 265-68

J. Israelstam, trans.. Midrash Rabbah: Leviticus. London and New York: Soncino, 1939

N. Johnson. Prayer in the Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha. Philadelphia, Pa.: Society of Biblical Literature, 1948

A. R. Johnson. The Cultic Prophet and Israel's Psalmody. Cardiff, U.K.: University of Wales, 1979

J. Juster. Les juifs dans l'empire romain, Vol. 1, Reprint. New York: Burt Franklin, 1914

G. Kaibel. Epigrammata graeca, Reprint. Hildesheim: G. Olms, 1965

A. Kasher, A. Oppenheimer, U. Rappaport, eds. Synagogues in Antiquity. Jerusalem: Yad Izhak Ben Zvi (Hebrew), 1987

A. Kasher, G. Fuks, U. Rappaport, eds. Greece and Rome in Eretz Israel. Jerusalem: Yad Izhak Ben Zvi (Hebrew), 1987

F. G. Kenyon. Books and Readers in Ancient Greece and Rome. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1932

R. Kimelman. "Birkat Ha-Minim and the Lack of Evidence for an Anti-Christian Jewish Prayer in Late Antiquity." Jewish and Christian Self-Definition, eds. E.P. Sanders et al., Vol. 2. 226-44. Philadelphia, Pa.: Fortress, 1981

R. Kimelman. "While Saying the Shema`." Conservative Judaism. 23/2: 37-43. 1969

R. Kimelman. "While Saying the Shema`." Shanah BeShanah, ed. A. Pitchenik. 254-60. Jerusalem: Hekal elomo (Hebrew), 1981

B. Kittel. The Hymns of Qumran. Chico, Calif.: Scholars, 1981

A. Kloner. "Ancient Synagogues in Israel: An Archaeological Survey." Ancient Synagogues Revealed, ed. L.I. Levine. 11-19. Jerusalem: Israel Exploration Society, 1981

I. Knohl. "A Parasha Concerned with Accepting the Kingdom of Heaven." Tarbiz. 53 (Hebrew)(1984): 11-21

K. Kohler. "The Origin and Composition of the Eighteen Benedictions with a translation of the corresponding Essene Prayers in the Apostolic Constitutions." Hebrew Union College Annual 1 (1924): 387-425

K. Kohler. The Origins of the Synagogue and Church. New York: Macmillan, 1929

A. T. Kraabel. "New Evidence of the Samaritan Diaspora has been Found in Delos." Biblical Archaeologist. 47 (1984): 44-46

A. T. Kraabel. "The Diaspora Synagogue: Archeological and Epigraphic Evidence since Sukenik." Aufstieg und Niedergang der römischen Welt, eds. H. Temporini and W. Haase, Part 2. 477-510. Berlin: de Gruyter, 1979

A. T. Kraabel. "Ancient Synagogues." New Catholic Encyclopedia, Supp. Vol. 16, 436-39. Palatine, Ill.: J. Heraty, 1974

A. T. Kraabel. "The Roman Diaspora: Six Questionable Assumptions." Journal of Jewish Studies. 33 (1982): 445-464

A. T. Kraabel. "Social Systems of Six Diaspora Synagogues." Ancient Synagogues: The State of Research, ed., J. Gutmann. Brown Judaic Studies 22. Chico, Calif.: Scholars, 1981

A. T. Kraabel. "Synagoga Caeca: Systematic Distortion in Gentile Interpretations of Evidence for Judaism in the Early Christian Period." "To See Ourselves as Others See Us": Christians, Jews, "Others" in Late Antiquity, eds. J. Neusner and E.S. Frerichs. 219-246. Chico, Calif.: Scholars, 1985

C. H. Kraeling. The Christian Building. The Excavations at Dura Europos, Final Report. VIII, Part II. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1967

C. H. Kraeling. The Excavations at Dura Europos - The Synagogue, Reprint. New York: KTAV, 1979

S. Krauss. "The Jews in the Works of the Church Fathers." Jewish Quarterly Review. 5: 122-57; 6 (1893-1894): 82-99, 225-61

S. Krauss. Synagogale Altertümer. Berlin/Vienna: Benjamin Harz, 1922; Reprint. Hildesheim, W. Ger.: Olms, 1966

F. Landsberger. "The House of the People." Hebrew Union College Annual. 22 (1949): 149-55

F. Landsberger. "The Sacred Direction in Synagogue and Church." Hebrew Union College Annual. 28 (1957): 181-203

N. R. M. de Lange. Origen and the Jews. Cambridge, Eng.: Cambridge University, 1976

S. M. Lehrman, trans.. Midrash Rabbah: Exodus. London and New York: Soncino, 1939

S. Leiman. The Canonization of Hebrew Scripture: The Talmudic and Midrashic Evidence. Hamden, Eng.: Archon, 1976

H. J. Leon. The Jews of Ancient Rome. Philadelphia, Pa.: Jewish Publication Society of America, 1960

E. Lerle. "Liturgische Reformen des Synagogengottesdienstes als Antwort auf die Judenchristiche Mission des ersten Jahrhunderts." Novum Testamentum. 10 (1968): 31-42

M. B. Lerner. "New Homilies for the Ninth of Ab." Samuel Belkin Memorial Volume, eds. M. Karmeli and H. Lif. 84-107. New York: Yeshiva University (Hebrew), 1981

P. Levertoff. "Worship in the First Century." Liturgy and Worship, ed. W. K. L. Clarke. 60-71. London: SPCK, 1932

I. Levi. "Les dix-huit benedictions et les Psaumes de Salomon." Revue des études juives. 32 (1896): 161-78

L. I. Levine. The Rabbinic Class of Roman Palestine in Late Antiquity. New York and Jerusalem: Yad Izhak Ben Zvi, 1989

L. I. Levine, ed. The Synagogue in Late Antiquity. Phila.: ASOR, 1987

L. I. Levine. "Ancient Synagogues-A Historical Introduction." Ancient Synagogues Revealed, ed. L.I. Levine. 1-10. Jerusalem: Israel Exploration Society, 1981

L. I. Levine, ed. Ancient Synagogues Revealed. Jerusalem: Israel Exploration Society, 1981

L. I. Levine. "Excavations at the Synagogue of Horvat `Ammudim." Israel Exploration Journal. 32 (1982): 1-12

L. I. Levine. "The Jewish Patriarch (Nasi) in Third Century Palestine." Aufstieg und Niedergang der römischen Welt, eds. W. Haase and H. Temporini, Part 2, Vol. 19.2. 649-88. Berlin/New York: de Gruyter, 1979

L. I. Levine. "The Roman Period from the Conquest of Pompeii to the End of the Second Temple Period." The History of Eretz Israel, ed. M. Stern, Vol. 4. 9-281. Jerusalem: Keter (Hebrew), 1984

J. Licht. Megillat Ha-Hodayot. Jerusalem: Mosad Bialik (Hebrew), 1957

S. Lieberman. The Tosefta - Zera`im. New York: Jewish Theological Seminary, 1955

S. Lieberman. "Hazzanut Yannai." Sinai. 4 (Hebrew)(1939): 221-40

S. Lieberman. Hellenism in Jewish Palestine: Studies in the Literary Transmission, Beliefs and Manners of Palestine in the First Century B.C.E. - IV Century C.E.. New York: Jewish Theological Seminary of America, 1950

S. Lieberman, ed.. Midrash Debarim Rabbah. Jerusalem: Wahrmann, 1964

S. Lieberman, ed.. Tosefta Ki-fshutah. 8 Vols.. New York: Jewish Theological Seminary, 1955-73

S. Lieberman. The Tosefta - Mo`ed. New York: Jewish Theological Seminary, 1962

L. Liebreich. "The Benediction Immediately Preceding and the One following the Recital of the Shema." Revue des études juives. 125 (1966): 151-65

L. Liebreich. "The Impact of Nehemiah 9: 5-37 on the Liturgy of the Synagogue." Hebrew Union College Annual. 32 (1961): 227-37

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